Elleanthus scopula Schltr. 1912

TYPE Drawing by © Rudolf Schlechter

Part shade Cold Fall

Common Name The Small Twig Elleanthus

Flower Size .24" [6 mm]

Found in Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia at elevations of 2700 to 3200 meters as a large sized, cold growing terrestrial with a much branched, very variable in length, slender, at first vaginate, then leaf above stems carrying erect spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, subcoriaceous, 3 veined beneath leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, capitate in youth, becoming subglobose with age, rather densely many flowered inflorescence withlancecoalte, acuminate, navicular, decreasing in size upwards, longer than the flowers floral bracts and carrying purple flowers with a rather fleshy lip.

This species differs from others in the apically branching stem, the very narrow, coriaceous, 3 nerved leaves, the purple flowers, the lip witha large bilobed, plate like thickening in front of the basal cavity, and the large corpuscles that are separate and fully exposed.

Synonyms Elleanthus bambusaceus Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 44 Schlechter Peru 1921 as Elleanthus bambusaceus; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 34 Schlechter Bolivia 1922; Figuren-Atlas zu den Orchideenfloren der südamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten [Beiheft 57, Repert. Spec. nov. Regn. veg., 1929], t. 13, fig. 46 Schlechter 1929 as Elleanthus bambusaceus Drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945 as E bambusaceus; Flora Brasilica Vol XII II 13-43 Hoehne 1945; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958 as E bambusaceus; Flora of Ecuador No 9 225[1] Orchidaceae Garay 1978; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 photo not = E sp white flower/drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Flora of Ecuador No 87 225[3] Orchidaceae Dodson & Luer 2010 drawing good