Encyclia adenocarpa (Lex.) Schltr. 1914

Lip Detail

Photos by © Weyman Bussey


Common Name The Swollen Fruit Encyclia

Flower Size 1 to 1.4" [2.5 to 3.5 cm]

Found through most of the Pacific coast of Mexico south through Nicaragua on dry foothills, lava-flows, thorn forests or tropical deciduous forests, even on cacti at elevations around sea level to 1200 meters as a miniature to medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with clustered, conic-ovoid pseudobulbs and carrying 2 to 3, linear to strap shaped, folded leaves that gradually narrow into the base and blooms on a terminal, simple to branched, 10" to to 30" [25 cm to 1m] long, few to many [4 to 40] flowered inflorescence that carry the fragrant flowers well above the leaves

Synonyms Encyclia papillosa (Bateman ex Lindl.) Aguirre-Olav. 1987; *Epidendrum adenocarpon Lex. 1825; Epidendrum adenocarpon var. rosei Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf. 1935; Epidendrum crispatum Knowles & Westc. 1838; Epidendrum papillosum Bateman ex Lindl. 1838;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum adenocarpum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum adenocarpum var roseum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum adenocarpum; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #6 1970 as Epidendrum adenocarpum drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen #9 511 - 579 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum adenocarpum drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 679 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum adenocarpum; ORQUIDEA (Méx.) 10 (2): 387 Aguirre Olavarrieta 1987 drawing/photo fide; An Introdution to the orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 photo fide; Orquideas del Estado de Morelos ORQUÍDEA (MÉX.) VOLUMEN 16 NÚMERO ÚNICO enero 2002 drawing fide/photo ok; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 as E aff adenocarpa photo good; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005 as E adenocarpa var rosei photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater, Szlatchetko, Ayala and Saldana 2014 drawing ok; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018