Encyclia gallopavina (Rchb. f.) Porto & Brade 1986 Photo by Dalton Holland Baptista and Orchidstudium

Another Flower Photo by Rick Cirino


Common Name The Peacock-Like Encyclia [refers to the wide-spread colorful lip]

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Espirito Santo, Rio De Janiero and Sao Paulo states of Brazil on old trees as a medium sized, hot growing, caespitose epiphyte in humid subtropical forests at elevations of 100 to 500 meters with spherical pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several imbricating leaf sheaths carrying 2 apical, coriaceous, smooth, oblanceolate, rounded apically leaves and blooms in spring through summer in Brazil on a terminal, erect, to 3' [to 90 cm] long, paniculate, several to many [50] flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb with lanceolate stem clasping bracts and triangular floral bracts and carrying flowers that have a fragrance of tea.

Synonyms Encyclia purpurachyla (Barb. Rodr.) Porto & Brade 1935; Encyclia purpurachyla (Barb.Rodr.) Porto & Brade 1935; *Epidendrum gallopavinum Rchb. f. 1855; Epidendrum purpurachylum Barb. Rodr. 1877

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as Epidendrum gallopavinum; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as E purpurachila darwing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Vol 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing good; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 #9 1996 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 photo/drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 060 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias Campacci 2003 photo fide