Encylia nematocaulon (A. Rich.) Acuña 1939

Photo by © Patricia Harding

Whole Inflorescence

Photo by © Robert Weyman Bussey


Common Name The Thread-Stemmed Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

Found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua as well as Cuba in dry scrub and tropical deciduous forests and occurs below the altitude of 200 meters as a small sized, hot growing epiphytic species with a single leaf is with clustered, conical pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, narrowly linear leaf and blooms in late spring on the last seasons pseudobulb with an apical, erect, to 12" [30 cm] long, simple or branched, loosely 4 to 14 flowered inflorescence that is longer than the leaves.

This species is best grown on a slab of tree fern or cork.

Synonyms Encyclia purpusii Schlechter 1925; Encyclia xipheres (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1914; *Epidendrum nematocaulon A. Rich. 1850; Epidendrum xipheres Rchb.f. 1853; Epidendrum yucatanense Schlechter 1914

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum xipheres; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 as Epidendrum xipheres drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum nemeatocaulon; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E xipheres; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E xipheres; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum xipheres; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum xipheres; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & pollard 1976 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 as Epidendrum xipheres photo fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 as Epidendrum xipheres; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo/drawing fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018