Encylia nematocaulon (A. Rich.) Acuña 1939 Photo by ©Patricia Harding

Whole Inflorescence Photo by © Robert Weyman Bussey

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Common Name The Thread-Stemmed Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3 cm]

This small, hot growing epiphytic species with a single leaf is found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua as well as Cuba in dry scrub and tropical deciduous forests and occurs below the altitude of 200 meters with clustered, conical pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, narrowly linear leaf and blooms in late spring on the last seasons pseudobulb with an apical, erect, to 12" [30 cm] long, simple or branched, loosely 4 to 14 flowered inflorescence that is longer than the leaves.

This species is best grown on a slab of tree fern or cork.

Synonyms Encyclia purpusii Schlechter 1925; Encyclia xipheres (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1914; *Epidendrum nematocaulon A. Rich. 1850; Epidendrum xipheres Rchb.f. 1853; Epidendrum yucatanense Schlechter 1914

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum xipheres; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 as Epidendrum xipheres drawing fide; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum nemeatocaulon; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E xipheres; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E xipheres; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum xipheres; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo as Epidendrum xipheres; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo/drawing fide; The Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 drawing fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

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