Encyclia adenocaula [LaLlave & Lex.] Schlechter 1918 Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Inflorescence Photos by © Joseph Dougherty

Plant in situ in Mexico Photo by © Weyman Bussey and His Abundaflora Website

LATE EARLY

Common Name Rough Stemmed Encyclia - In Mexico "Trumpillo" or Trompillo Morado"

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

This is a small to medium sized, cool growing, epiphytic species that comes from western Durango, Sinaloa, Jalisco, Michoacan, Guererro and Mexico states of Mexico in dry forests of oak and or pine at altitudes of 1000 to 2000 meters with clustered, ovoid to subconical pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, towards the apex, strap-shaped to linear, acute or obtuse apically, gradually narrowing below into the base leaves and blooms in the summer on an apical, to 3'+ [90 cm+] long, paniculate, many flowered inflorescence that has a warty rachis, pedicel and ovary, as well as long-lasting, fragrant flowers.

This species needs a distinct dry rest from water and fertilizer from fall through late spring when new growth initiates then water and fertilize copiously until growth matures in the fall. This species is found in very open forests so bright light and some direct sun is beneficial.

Synonyms Encyclia nemoralis [Lindley] Schlechter 1914; Epidendrum adenocaulon Lex. 1825; *Epidendrum adenocaulum La Llave & Lex. 1825; Epidendrum nemorale Lindley 1840; Epidendrum nemorale var. majus R.Warner 1862; Epidendrum verrucosum Lindl. 1844;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum nemorale drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum nemorale; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum nemorale; AOS Bulletin VOl 31 No 3 1962 photo as Epidendrum nemorale; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum nemorale; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 2 1973 as Epidendrum nemorale photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 7 1980 photo; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 2 1981 photo fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; An Introdution to the orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 554 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo

~Encyclia adenocaula var. kennedii (Fowlie & Withner) Hágsater & R. González 1975 - See Encyclia kennedyi (Fowlie & Withner) Hágsater 1973

Synonyms Epidendrum kennedyi Fowlie & Withner 1973

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