Encyclia adenocaula [LaLlave & Lex.] Schlechter 1918

Photo by © Eric Hunt


Photos by © Joseph Dougherty

Plant in situ in Mexico

Photo by © Weyman Bussey and His Abundaflora Website

E adenocaule var alba

Photo by © Santa Barbara Orchid Estate


Common Name Rough Stemmed Encyclia - In Mexico "Trumpillo" or Trompillo Morado"

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

This is a small to medium sized, cool growing, epiphytic species that comes from western Durango, Sinaloa, Jalisco, Michoacan, Guererro and Mexico states of Mexico in dry forests of oak and or pine at altitudes of 1000 to 2000 meters with clustered, ovoid to subconical pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 3, towards the apex, strap-shaped to linear, acute or obtuse apically, gradually narrowing below into the base leaves and blooms in the summer on an apical, to 3'+ [90 cm+] long, paniculate, many flowered inflorescence that has a warty rachis, pedicel and ovary, as well as long-lasting, fragrant floral scented flowers.

This species needs a distinct dry rest from water and fertilizer from fall through late spring when new growth initiates then water and fertilize copiously until growth matures in the fall. This species is found in very open forests so bright light and some direct sun is beneficial.

Synonyms Encyclia nemoralis [Lindley] Schlechter 1914; Epidendrum adenocaulon Lex. 1825; *Epidendrum adenocaulum La Llave & Lex. 1825; Epidendrum nemorale Lindley 1840; Epidendrum nemorale var. majus R.Warner 1862; Epidendrum verrucosum Lindl. 1844;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum nemorale drawing fide; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum nemorale; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum nemorale; AOS Bulletin VOl 31 No 3 1962 as Epidendrum nemorale photo fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum nemorale; Orchid Digest Vol 34 #6 1970 as Epidendrum nemorale drawing/photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 37 No 2 1973 as Epidendrum nemorale photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1976 photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 7 1980 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 45 No 2 1981 photo fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photos fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 photo fide; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 5 & 6 Orchids Of Mexico Parts 2 & 3 Plate 554 Hagsater, Soto 2002 drawing fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 9 2008 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 82 #3 2016; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #7 2016 photo ok;

~Encyclia adenocaula var. kennedii (Fowlie & Withner) Hágsater & R. González 1975 - See Encyclia kennedyi (Fowlie & Withner) Hágsater 1973

Synonyms Epidendrum kennedyi Fowlie & Withner 1973