Encyclia phoenicea Nueman 1914 Photo by Claude W. Hamilton of Hamlyn Orchids

Inflorescence Photo by Jay Pfahl

Common Name Phoenician Encyclia - Chocolate Orchid - In Cuba - Flor de San Pedro - Orquedea Vainilla - Orquedea de chocolate

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

This species comes from the Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Is. and Grand Turks and Caicos as a medium sized, hot growing epiphyte with 2 leaves that is found near seacoasts at lower elevations with 1 to 3, lanceolate, coriaceous, basally conduplicate into the petiolate base leaves and flowers on a terminal, erect to arcuate, 3' [90 cm] long, racemose, several to many [25], successively flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and occurring in the spring through fall with a scent of chocolate.

This species likes a dryer environment especially when not in growth.

Synonyms Epidendrum grahamii Hook. 1841; Epidendrum phoeniceum Lindl. 1841

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum phoenicum drawing ok; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum phoenicum; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo fide; The Florida Orchidist Vol 42 No 1 1999 photo; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 10 2008 photo; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014