Encyclia phoenicea Nueman 1914 Photo by © Claude W. Hamilton of Hamlyn Orchids

Inflorescence Photo by © Jay Pfahl

Summer

Common Name Phoenician Encyclia - Chocolate Orchid - In Cuba - Flor de San Pedro - Orquedea Vainilla - Orquedea de chocolate

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

This species comes from the Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Is. and Grand Turks and Caicos as a medium sized, hot growing epiphyte that is found near seacoasts at lower elevations with 1 to 3, apical, lanceolate, coriaceous, basally conduplicate into the petiolate base leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on a terminal, erect to arcuate, 3' [90 cm] long, racemose, several to many [25], successively flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and carrying flowers with a strong scent of chocolate.

This species likes a dryer environment especially when not in growth.

Synonyms Encyclia oblongata (A. Rich.) Acuña 1939; Epidendrum grahamii Hook. 1841; *Epidendrum oblongatum A. Rich. 1843; Epidendrum phoeniceum Lindl. 1841; Epidendrum phoenicum var vanillosum Lemaire 1848;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum oblongatum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum phoenicum drawing ok; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum phoenicum; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Catalogo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanos Acuna 1987 as E oblongatum; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo fide; The Florida Orchidist Vol 42 No 1 1999 photo; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 photo/drawing fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Orchids of Cuba Lllamacho and Larimendi 2005 as E oblongatum; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 10 2008 photo; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014

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