Encyclia phoenicea Nueman 1914 Photo by Claude W. Hamilton of Hamlyn Orchids

Inflorescence Photo by Jay Pfahl

Another Plant, possible hybrid Photo courtesy of Katia Seagull and Her Orchid Web Site

Common Name Phoenician Encyclia - Chocolate Orchid - In Cuba - Flor de San Pedro - Orquedea Vainilla - Orquedea de chocolate

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

This species comes from the Bahamas, Cuba, Cayman Is. and Grand Turks and Caicos as a medium sized, hot growing epiphyte with 2 leaves that is found near seacoasts at lower elevations with 1 to 3, lanceolate, coriaceous, basally conduplicate into the petiolate base leaves and flowers on a terminal, erect to arcuate, 3' [90 cm] long, racemose, several to many [25], successively flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and occurring in the spring through fall with a scent of chocolate. It is larger as a plant and in the flowers than Epi. tampense but visually is very similar. This species likes a dryer environment especially when not in growth.

Synonyms Epidendrum grahamii Hook. 1841; Epidendrum phoeniceum Lindl. 1841

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum phoenicum drawing ok; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum phoenicum; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum phoenicum; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 4 Withner 1996 photo fide; The Florida Orchidist Vol 42 No 1 1999 photo; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 10 2008 photo