Encyclia rufa [Lindley]Britton & Millsap 1920

Photo by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo by Sandra T. Hardy

Plant and Inflorescence Photo by Kenni Judd and Juno Beach Orchids.

Common Name Bahama Encyclia

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the Bahamas at the base of small trees but occasionaly arise lithophytically on the limestone rocks below at elevations of 0 to 30 meters as a medium to large sized, hot growing epiphyte with crowded oblong-conical pseudobulbs subtended by a few scarious sheaths and carrying 1 to 3, apical, suberect, coriaceous, rigid, linear to linaer-lanceolate, acute leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, slender, distally several bracted peduncle, paniculate, to 28" [70 cm] long overall, laxly many flowered inflorescence carrying, fragrant showy flowers.

Synonyms Encyclia bahamamense [Griesb.] Britt & Millsp. 1920; Epidendrum bahamaense Griesb. 1864; Epidendrum primulinum Batem ex Lindl. 1853; *Epidendrum rufum Lindl. 1845

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum fucatum; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum bahamense; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum primulinum; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 as Epidendrum primulinum as excluded species; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Pabst & Dungs 1975; AOS Bulletin Vol 61 No 10 1992 drawing fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 4 1996 drawing/photo fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 drawing good;