Encyclia tampensis [Lindl.] Small 1913

Flower Closeup Photo by Jay Pfahl


Common Name Florida Butterfly Orchid or Tampa Encyclia

Flower Size 1 1/2" [4 cm]

A Florida native as well as the Bahamas as a small to medium sized, hot growing epiphyte found at elevations of sealevel to 25 meters that likes wood mounts, with crowded, elliptic to ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by scarious sheaths and carrying 2, apical, spreading, coriaceous, rigid, linear-lanceolate, acute leaves that blooms in the later spring on an apical, medium length to 2 1/2'[75 cm], simple or paniculate inflorescence that is longer than the leaves and carrying a few to several fragrant flowers with a sweet scent.

Easy to attach to palm trees and pines in south Florida and does not need any attention in the way of water or fertilizer.

In the Florida Keys, native plants can bloom in June through August and again in September on a robust plant.

Synonyms Encyclia tampensis f. albolabia P.M.Br. 1995; *Epidendrum tampense Lindley 1847; Epidendrum tampense var. albolabium A.D.Hawkes 1950

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; as Epidendrum tampense; AOS Bulletin Vol 33 No 4 1964 photo; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum tampense; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 9 1969 photo as Epidendrum tampense; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 11 1980 photo as Epidendrum tampense; AOS Bulletin Vol 50 No 5 1981 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 1 1984 photo AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 3 1985 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 photo fide; Fairchild Tropical Garden Bulletin Vol 47 No 2 1992 photo; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 5 1996 photo; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 4 1996 photo fide; Orchid Australia Vol 11 No 1 1999 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 7 1999 photo; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 photo fide; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 5 2003 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 5 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 no 1 2008 photo; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orquidees Lecoufle, Bartholemy and Scmidtt 2013; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 as an excluded species; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide;

Encyclia tampensis var alba Small Photo by Jay Pfahl.

Disected Flower Photo by E Schnurr

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 6/548-9 1991 photo; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Withner Vol 4 1996 photo fide;