Encyclia alata [Bateman]Schlechter 1914

Photo by Jay Pfahl


Common Name Winged Encyclia

Flower Size 2 to 2 1/2" [5 to 6.25 cm]

Found in Mexico, belize, Guatemala, Honduras,, El Salvador, Nicaragua Costa Rica and Panama ocurring at altitudes of sealevel to 1000 meters, epiphytically on trees in open forests and occasionally terrestrially in soil pockets as a medium to large sized, hot to warm growing species with ovoid-conical to pyriform pseudobulbs carrying 1 to 3 apical, linear-lanceolate, acute, tough leaves that are often tinged with purple. It has a honey-sweet smelling fragrance and they bloom in the spring through fall on an apical, to 5' [150 cm] long, arching, branched inflorescence with many, variable in color and shape flowers.

There can be diverse differences in flower morphology in this species most often in size and the shape of the lateral sides of the lip.

Synonyms *Epidendrum alatum Bateman 1840; Epidendrum alatum var. grandiflorum Regel 1856; Epidendrum alatum var. longipetalum (Lindl. & Paxton) Regel 1856; Epidendrum alatum var majus Hort. ex Sanders 1927; Epidendrum calochielum Hkr. 1841; Epidendrum formosum Klotsch 1853; Epidendrum formosum var. grandiflorum Regel; Epidendrum longipetalum Lindley & Paxton 1850-1

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; The Orchidaceae of Mexico and Guatemala t. 18. Bateman 1841 as Epidendrum alatum; Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as Epidendrum alatum drawing good; *Orchideen: 201.1914; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum alatum drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 44. Panama Schlechter 1922; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum alatum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as Epidendrum alatum ; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 as Epidendrum alatum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961 as Epidendrum alatum; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963 as Epidendrum alatum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum alatum; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #4 1967 as Epidendrum alatum; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum alatum drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 photo ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 10 576 - 632 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum alatum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 680 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum alatum; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Panama Dressler 1993 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 60 #1 1996 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol V Withner 1998 photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 photo fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal 2001; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005 photo fide; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide; Genera Orchidaceae Vol 4 Epidendroideae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase aand Rasmussen 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 80 #7 2011 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 77 #2 2013 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 86 # 7 2017 photo fide; ; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide

Encyclia alata subsp. virella Dressler & G.E.Pollard 1971 Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Photo Site

Found in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua and has orange petals