Encyclia cordigera [HBK] Dressler 1964 Photo by Jay Pfahl

and

Common Name Large-lipped Encyclia - In Nicaragua - Flor de Encarnacion

Flower Size 3" [7.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia and Peru as a medium sized, bifoliate, hot to warm growing epiphyte, but can occasionally be lithophytic, occurring in dry forests, tropical rainforests and in dense scrub at an altitude of 0 to 900 meters with ovoid-pyriform, to subglobose pseudobulbs, subtended by a scarious sheaths in youth, sulcate with age and carrying 2 oblong-elliptic, obtuse, coriaceous, narrowing below into an elongate, narrow, petiole-like base leaves that blooms in the winter and spring on an apical, to 2' [60 cm] long, few to many flowered, racemose inflorescence with a short, basal bract and strongly fragrant, heavily textured flowers.

This species has been called for years in error as Epidendrum atropurpureum Willd. 1806 and then Encyclia atropurpurea (Willd.) Schltr.1914 which are both actually synonyms for Psychilus atropurpureum.

This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Synonyms *Cymbidium cordigerum Kunth 1815; Encyclia atropurpurea var. leucantha Schlechter 1922; Encyclia atropurpurea var. rhodoglossa Schltr. 1922; Encyclia atropurpurea var.rosea [Batem.] Summerhayes 1957; Encyclia cordigera var rosea [Batem.] H.G.Jones 1969; Encyclia doeringii Hoehne; Encyclia duboisiana (Brongn. ex A. Rich.) Neumann 1845; Encyclia macrochila (Hook.) Neumann 1845; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. lionetianum Cogn. 1903; Epidendrum atropurpureum var. longilabre Cogn. 1903; Epidendrum atropurpureum var roseum [Batem.] Rchb.f 1854; Epidendrum cordigerum (Kunth) Foldats 1969; Epidendrum doeringii (Hoehne) A.D. Hawkes 1957; Epidendrum duboisianum Brongn.; Epidendrum longipetalum Godefroy-Lebeuf 1892; Epidendrum macrochilum Hook. 1836; ; Epidendrum macrochilum var. albopurpureum C. Morren 1846; Epidendrum macrochilum Hooker var roseum Batem. 1839

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ;The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as E macrochilum var roseum drawing fide; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum/Encyclium atropurpureum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E atropurpurea photo fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 74 Schlechter 1919 as Encyclia atropurpurea; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 253 Schlechter 1920 as E atropurpurea; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Epidendrum atropurpureum drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 45. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E atropurpurea; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 46. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E atropurpurea; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 130. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E atropurpurea; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 221. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E atropurpurea; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:137 Schlechter 1924 as E atropurpurea; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E atropurpureum not description = E cordigera; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as E atropurpureum var lacinatum not = E cordigera; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Epidernrum atropurpureum; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 4 1961 photo as Epidendrum atropurpureum; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Epidendrum atropurpureum drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum atropurpureum Willd. not =Psychilus atropurpureum description fide for E cordigera; AOS Bulletin Vol 35 No 10 1966 as Epidendrum atropurpureum var roseum; AOS Bulletin VOl 38 No 6 1969 as Epidendrum atropurpureum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum cordigera drawing fide; Die Orchideen #10 37-40a tafel 10 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as Epidendrum cordigerum drawing/photo fide; The Genus Encyclia in Mexico Dressler & Pollard 1974 photo fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Pabst & Dungs 1975 as E doeringii drawing fide; Orquideas de Colombia Ortiz 1978 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum cordigerum drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 44 No 2 1980; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Epidendrum cordigerum drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 688 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Orchid Digest Vol 47 No 3 1983 photo fide; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames and Correll 1985 as Epidendrum atropurpureum drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as E cordigera photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0052 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum I Plate 17 Hasater & Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; A Guide to Orchids of the World Hodgson, Paine and Anderson 1991 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 as E doeringii drawing; An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Manual of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb, & Launert 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1424 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Panama Dressler 1993 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 58 No 1 1994 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing ok; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 5 2000 photo; Botanicas Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 as E doeringii drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 632 Bennett & Christenson 2001 drawing fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 5 2003 photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Genera Orchidaceae Vol 4 Epidendroideae Part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase aand Rasmussen 2005 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 1 2006; AOS Bulletin Vol 75 No 8 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 11 2006 photo as Epidendrum atropureum; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Le Petit Larousse des Orquidees Lecoufle, Bartholemy and Scmidtt 2013 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 as E atropurpurea [E cordigera] an excluded species; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide;

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Encyclia cordigera var rosea [Batem.] H.G.Jones 1969

Another clone Photos by Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers in situ Mexico

Another Plant and Flowers in situ Mexico Photos by Jesus Cid

A beauiful variety from Colombia.

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Mexico and Guatemala Bateman 1843 as E macrochilum var roseum drawing fide; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as Epidendrum atropurpureum var roseum; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum atropurpureum fma roseum Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol 5 Withner 1998 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide;

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