Encyclia spiritusanctensis L.C. Menezes 1991

Another Flower Color Photos by © Mauro Rosim of Brazil


Common Name Espirito Santo Encyclia [A state in Brazil just north of Rio De Janiero]

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in Espirito Santo state of Brazil at elevations around 500 meters and was discovered as recently as 1991 as a lithophyte on rock outcroppings in full sun with ovate-elongate pseudobulbs enveloped basally by several evanescent, imbricating sheaths and carries 2 to 4 apical, coriaceous, narrowly lanceolate, cymbidiform leaves and blooms in the summer in Brazil, and has up to 10, fragrant flowers on a to 9' 10" [to 280 cm] long, paniculate inflorescence.

This species is similar to E advena but differs in being lithophytic, a very long inflorescence, larger flowers, purple color to floral segments, very large subquadratic midlobe of the lip.

Synonyms Encyclia megalantha var spiritusanctensismMenzes 1990; Encyclia espiritusanctensis L.C. Menezes; Epidendrum espiritu-santense Dodson & R. Vásquez 1989

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Orchid Digest Vol 55 No 1 1991 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 56 No 4 1992 photo fide; Cattleyas and Their Relatives Vol VI Withner 2000 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Brasilenses Vol I Plate 001 Castro & Campacci 2000 drawing ok; Coletanea de Orquideas Brasileiras 1 Encyclias Campacci 2003 photo fide; Boletim CAOB 69/70 2008 photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo good;