Epidendrum ibaguense H.B.K. 1816 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Calanthum Photo by Jay Pfahl

Drawing Original Drawing by Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

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Common Name The Ibague' Epidendrum [Colombian town]

Flower Size 1 1/4" [3.25 cm]

This is a highly variable, large sized, erect, hot to warm growing, reedstem terrestrial or lithophytic species at elevations of that is found from Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia and northern Brazil with terete stems enveloped by grey or brown sheaths carrying elliptic, distichous, acute or obtuse leaves that is freeblooming year round on a terminal, erect, to 14" [35 cm] long, simple or few branched raceme with an apical cluster of blooms that open in succession over a long period of time and needs even year round conditions.

Similar to E radicans but this one does not have adventitious roots all along the stem, only at the base.

Synonyms Epidendrum baumannianum Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum bituberculatum Rolfe 1892; Epidendrum fraternum Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum laetum Schltr. 1919; Epidendrum miquelii Schltr. 1925; Epidendrum planiceps Kraenzl. 1911; Epidendrum smithii Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum sororium Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 37 Schlechter 1919 as E laetum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 70 Schlechter 1919 as E laetum; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 133 Schlechter 1920 as E fraternum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 149 Schlechter 1920 as E smithii; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 150 Schlechter 1920 as E sororium; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 244 Schlechter 1920 as E bituberculatum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 247 Schlechter 1920 as E fraternum; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 251 Schlechter 1920 as E smithii; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 252 Schlechter 1920 E sororium; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 253 Schlechter 1920 as E ybagense; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 10: 72 Bolivia Schlechter 1922 as Y ybagense; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren -Atlas 57: 180 Schlechter 1929 as E fraternum drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 19 Schlechter 1929 as E laetum drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 203 Schlechter 1929 as E smithii drawing fide; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 204 Schlechter 1929 as E sororium drawing fide; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo ok; Orchidaceae Brasilense Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as E bituberculatum; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1981 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 731 Dodson 1982 see observations; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 8 1983 photo; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 040 Hagsater 1990 see recognition section; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1433 Atwood 1992 see observations; AOS Bulletin Vol 62 No 7 1993 photo; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Venezuela, Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing ok; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing ok; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Orquideologia 24: 3 Ortiz & Hagsater 2005; Flora's Orchids Nash & La Croix 2005 photo fide;Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1171 see recognition section Hagsater & Sanchez 2008; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as E laetum photo not; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E fraternum drawing ok; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Photo not = E radicans; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E smithii;

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