Epidendrum leucochilum Link, Klotzsch & Otto 1843 GROUP Excisum SUBGROUP Leucochilum Photo by Eric Hunt

Inflorescence Photo by Jay Pfahl.

Fragrance Warm to Cold Fall Winter or Spring

Common Name The White Flowered Epidendrum

Flower Size 4" [10 cm]

Found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru in wet montane forests at elevations of 1000 to 3100 meters as a large sized, caespitose, warm to cold growing, terrestrial, lithophyte or epiphyte with erect, leafy reed-stems carrying elliptic, emarginate, coriaceous, gradually becoming conduplicate below leaves that blooms in nature in the fall, winter or spring on lateral to pendant, terminal, racemose, 16" [40 cm] long, cylindric inflorescence arising on a mature stem from a large, compressed spathe that completely envelops the peduncle and carries minute floral bracts and numerous, spidery, fragrant flowers.

Recent research has shown that the name E longiflorum long associated with this species was used previously for an Indian species in 1791 by Koenig so according to Nomenclature rules this name becomes invalid and so E leucochilum takes precedence.

Synonyms Epidendrum flavidum Lindl. 1846; Epidendrum leucarachne Schltr. 1920; Epidendrum longiflorum Kunth 1815; Epidendrum spectatissimum Reichb.f. 1855; Epidendrum splendidum Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as E spectatissimum; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as E splendidum; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:68 Schlechter 1924; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Epidendrum leucochilum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 7 1970 photo as E leucochilum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum leucochilum drawing fide; Fieldiana Biology, Vol 33, 1st Supple. to the Orchids of Peru Schweinfurth 1970 as E leuchochilum; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as E leucochilum drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 10 1980 photo as Epidendrum leucochilum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 087 Dodson 1980 as E leuchochilum drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 5 COS 1994 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 463 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E leucochilum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as E longiflorum drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 10 2005 photo; Orquideologia Vol 26 No 1 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1260 Hagsater 2009 drawing fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide