Epidendrum parra-sanchezii Hágsater, O.Pérez & L.Sánchez 2013 GROUP Difforme

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Photo by © Kolanowski/TYPE Drawing by © O. Perez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name Parra-Sanchez’ Epidendrum [Colombia Agrominy Engineer and Orchid Enthusiast current]

Flower Size 2.4” [6 cm]

Found in Valle de Cauca department of Colombia on isolated, mature trees at elevations around 100 meters as a miniture sized, hot growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed towards the apex, flexuous stems carrying 3 to 4, all along the stem, elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic, retuse to asymetrically bilobed, minutely aristate, coriaceous, green, primary veins marked pale green on the dorsal surface, margin entire leaves that boooms in the winter on a terminal, without a spathe, sessile, simultaneously 1 to 2 flowered inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers with the lip, petals, sepals and the base to the middle of the column pale green, the disc and calli of the lip as well as the apical half of the column are deep green.

"Epidendrum parra-sanchezii belongs to the GROUP Difforme which is characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence without the spathaceous bract, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, single flowered to corymbose, fleshy, and flowers green to yellowish-green, rarely white. The species is recognized by the its small plants ca. 4.8" [12 cm] tall, stems laterally compressed, with 3 to 4 elliptic to lanceolate-elliptic leaves, inflorescences 1 to 2 flowered, a bilobed, reniform, convex lip, disc bordered by two ridges, which delimit it, forming a fleshy and lustrous, deep green, shallow cavity. Epidendrum sympetalostele is vegetatively similar, but differs mainly by the sub-erect petals adnate to the basal half of the column, disc without ridges on the side, and prominent bifid lobes at the sides of the apex of the column. Epidendrum kerryae Hágsater & L.Sánchez has a single, large flower, trigonous ovary with a ventral vesicle which is dorsally flat, and an erose clinandrium-hood, the lip is entire, sub-orbicular, disc unornamented. Epidendrum putumayoënse Hágsater & L.Sánchez from the Amazonas slope of the southern of Colombia and northern Ecuador, has single flowered inflorescences, a 3-lobed, obtrapezoid lip, disc wrinkled at the base with three low ribs, the central one prominent, extended until the apex, the lateral ones reaching the middle of the lip, column straight, truncate, clinandrium-hood irregularly toothed."Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1471 Hagsater 2013 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle de Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater, Ayala and Saldana 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide;