Epipogium aphyllum Swartz 1814

Photo By Bernd H

Another Angle

Photo courtesy of Th.Pain and the Orchids of France and Europe

Part sun Cold to CoolLATESpringandSummer

Common Name The Leafless Epipogium - In China Lie Chun Hu She Lan

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Spain, France, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Czechloslavakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, Western Russia, Central Russia, Eastern Russia, Siberia, , the Chinese Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Pakistan, western Himalayas, Bhutan, Myanmar, Japan, Korea and Taiwan in forests, crevices and mossy places at elevations of 1200 to 3600 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold to cool growing terrestrial with coralloid, branching rhizome giving rise to an erect, stout, basally swollen stem carrying 2 basal unequal, brown sheaths that blooms on an erect, to 8" long, several to many flowered inflorescence with non-resupinate flowers arising in late spring and summer.

Synonyms Epipactis epipogum Crantz 1769; Epipactis epipogium (L.) All. 1789; Epipogium aphyllum f. albiflorum Y.N.Lee & K.S.Lee 2004; Epipogium aphyllum var. stenochilum Hand.-Mazz. 1925; Epipogium epipogium (L.) H.Karst. 1881; Epipogium generalis E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm 1905; Epipogium gmelini L.C.M. Richard 1818; Epipogon epipogium (Linne) Karst 1880-3; Epipogon epipogon Kern. 1893; Epipogon generalis E.H.L. Krause 1905; Limodorum epipogium Sw. 1799; *Orchis aphylla F W Schmidt 1791; Satyrium epipogium Linne 1753; Serapias epipogium (L.) Steud. 1821

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epipogon aphyllum drawing fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as E gmelini drawing fide; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 5 257- 320 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1974 drawing ok/photo fide; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing good; Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family Dressler 1993 drawing fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005; Native Orchids of Shaanxi - Shaanxi Science & Technology Press 2007 photo fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of Huanglong Perner, Tang Si-Yuan 2007 photos fide; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; AOS Bulletin Vol 82 #12 2013 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;