Epidendrum stamfordianum Bateman 1838 GROUP Psilanthemum

Flower Closeup

Closer Still

Another Color Form Super Flower Closeup

Lip and column detail Photos courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Plant in situ about 1000 feet elevation in Chiapas heading down the Gulf slope towards Villahermosa. Growing on leguminosae, living fence trees.

Closeup of in situ flowers Photo courtesy of Weyman Bussey

Common Name Stamford's Epidendrum [English Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size to more than 1 1/2" [more than 3.75 cm]

Found from Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela, in seasonally dry forests on large branches at elevations of 20 to 800 meters, as a medium sized, hot to warm growing, epiphytic species with fusiform pseudobulbs with 3 to 4, elliptic-oblong leaves and is an erect epiphytic orchid, flowering in the winter, spring and summer and fall arising from the base of a newly formed, mature pseudobulb; one of a few species to do this in the genus Epidendrum; to 24" [60 cm] long, many flowered raceme or panicle of showy, long-lasting, fragrant flowers growing best mounted on wood with semi-shady conditions and needs a semi rest in the winter from water and fertilizer. This plant can become dormant after collecting and sit for 2 years before responding to cultivation.

Synonyms Auliza stamfordiana (Bateman) Brieger 1977; Epidendrum basilare Klotzsch 1843; Epidendrum cycnostachys Benth. 1881; Epidendrum cycnostalix Rchb.f 1852; Epidendrum stamfordianum var. lawrenceanum hort. ex Stein 1892; Epidendrum stamfordianum Batem. var parviflorum Regel 1856; Epidendrum stamfordianum var. pictum Lem. 1852; Epidendrum stamfordianum var. pictum Ram.Goyena 1911; Epidendrum stamfordianum var. wallacei Rchb. f. 1887; Psilanthemum basilare (Klotzsch) Stein 1892

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Orchid. Mexico & Guatemala, t. 11. Bateman 1838; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 photo fide; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 40. Panama Schlechter 1922; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 128. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 219. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; AOS Bulletin VOl 28 No 3 1959 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 29 No 6 1960 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 9 1961; Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 photo fide; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Auliza stamfordiana photo fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 738 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1434 Atwood 1992 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Venezuela; Paraiso de Orquideas Romero 1997 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 71 No 9 2002 photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; *The Cattleya and Their Relatives Vol 7 The Debateable Epidendrum Withner & Harding 2004 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 74 No 5 2005 photo; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1182 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as E stanfordianum photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 photo drawing/photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide