Epidendrum stangeanum Rchb.f. 1881 GROUP Lanium


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Part Shade Hot Warm Summer Fall

Common Name or Meaning Stang's Epidendrum [German Orchid Enthusiast 1800's]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia? and Ecuador on trees in pastures and in wet lowland forests as well as mangoves forests at elevations of 100 to 700 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with a creeping rhizome giving rise to fusiform pseudobulbous stems carrying a single, apical, fleshy, terete in youth, becoming subterete with age leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a terminal, erect, 2.4" [6 cm] long, laxly, to 10 flowered inflorescence carrying successively opening flowers.

"Epidendrum stangeanum belongs to the GROUP Lanium which is characterized by the rhizomatose plants, the stems cane-like to pseudobulbous, leaves generally aggregate towards the apex, flowers non-resupinate, more or less pubescent, with 2 or 4 pollinia. The species is recognized by the somewhat repent plants with one or two apical, semi-terete, fleshy leaves on a thin fusiform pseudobulb, the racemose inflorescence shorter than the long leaf, flower small, star-shaped, segments acuminate, ovary and dorsal surface of the sepals mostly pubescent, lip with the basal half transversely elliptic, the apical half triangular, acuminate. It is closely related to E. avicula (Benth.) Lindley which is floraly very similar, but has wide, laminar leaves, and E. stiliferum Dressler, which has thicker pseudobulbs, a paniculate, pubescent infloresence about as long as the leaves, sepals .12" [3 mm] long." Hagsater etal 2010

Synonyms Epidendrum glandulosum Ames 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977as Epidanthus stangeanum; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 739 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo not; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1389 Hagsater & Sanchez 2010 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1439 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018