Epidendrum strobiliferum Rchb. f. 1858 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Repens Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Plant and Flowers Photos courtesy of Patricia Harding


Common Name Pine Cone Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/4" [.6 cm]

Found in Florida, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leewards, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana and Venzuela as a miniature sized, caespitose, pendant to horizontal, hot to warm growing reedstem epiphyte that occurs in low disturbed forests and open fields at elevations of sealevel to 900 meters with clustered, simple to branched stems enveloped by tubular, green-purple sheaths and carrying numerous, distichous, spreading, fleshy, elliptic to linear-lanceolate, acute, basally clasping leaves which blooms in the spring and fall on a terminal, 1 2/3" [3.5 cm] long raceme with a few, small, successive opening flowers subtended by several large bracts that the flowers just barely clear.

Best mounted on tree fern or driftwood and given moderate shade and a somewhat drier winter rest.

Synonyms Epidendrum mosenii Barb. Rodr. 1881; Epidendrum rodriguesii Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum strobiliferum var. swartzii Rchb. f. ex Griseb.1864; Epidendrum verrecundum Schltr. 1922; Isochilus ramosus H. Focke 1851; Spathiger strobiliferus (Rchb. f.) Small 1933

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 17: 42. Panama Schlechter 1922 as E verrucundum; The Genus Epideendrum Ames 1936; Flore Descriptive des Antilles Francaises H. Stehle 1939; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing good; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 drawing fide; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing ok; Flora of the Lesser Antilles Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 733 Dodson 1982 see observations; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 740 Dodson 1982 drawing ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Orchids of the High Mountain Atlantic Rainforest in SE Brazil Warren & Miller 1994; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 drawing ok; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 994 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1169 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see Recognition; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1390 drawing fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo hmm; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Orchidees Du Bresil As Orchideas da Serra Do Castello Vol 3 Chiron & Bolsanello 2013 as E rodiguezii drawing/photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014