Epidendrum upanodifforme Hágsater & Dodson 1999 GROUP Difforme

Flower closeup

Photos by © Weyman Bussey

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Upano Difforme Epidendrum [A river in central Ecuador]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in central Ecuador along the eastern slope of the Andes at elevations of 1050 to 1600 meters as a miniature to just large sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, laterally compressed, erect, cane-like stems enveloped completely by leaf-bearing sheaths carrying elliptic, apically bilobed, basally clasping leaves that blooms on a terminal, on a mature stem, occuring only once, subcorymobose, simultaneously, 2 to 3 flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovary, ovate, acute floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers wthout fragrance data.

Epidendrum upanodifforme belongs to the GROUP Difforme, characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The speciesis recognized by the 3-lobed lip, semiovate, entire lateral lobes, emarginate midlobe, forming two semicircular, entire lobes. It is closely related to E. difforme which has ancipitose stems, not inflated ovary, elliptic to suborbicular laterallobes, subquadrate middlobe. Epidendrum microcephalum Hágsater & L. Sánchez which has smaller flowers, long vegetative form, very small middlobe of the lip." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 356 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; * Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 393 Hagsater & Soto 1999 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 827 Hagsater & Soto 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1430 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section;