Epidendrum urichianum Carnevali, Foldats & I.Ramírez 1992 GROUP Ramosum

TYPE Drawing by © Dunsterville and The AMO Herbaria Website

Collection Sheet

Specimen courtesy of © The Swiss Orchid Foundation in the Jany Renz Herbaria

Part shade Warm Cool Fall

Common Name Urich's Epidendrum [Venezuelan Orchid Enthusiast current]

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Venezuela and Guyana in dwarf cloud forests at elevations around 800 to 2000 meters as a small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with branching, erect, prostrate to subpendent, terete, dull purple stems carrying distichous, coriaceous, narrowly oblong-elliptic to narrowly elliptic rounded to obtuse, emarginate with a retrorse subapical mucro leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, .4 to .64" [1 to 1.6 cm] long, erect, shortly pedunculate to almost sessile, laterally compressed, ancipitous, rachis flattened, ancipitous, enveloped completely by laterally flattened, broadly oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, truncate to sub-truncate floral bracts, 1 to 5 flowered or lateral 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence carrying small, pale green sometimes suffused with pale lavender flowers with a creamy-white apex to the column.

"Epidendrum urichianum Carnevali, Foldats & 1. Ramírez belongs to the GROUP Ramosum , recognized by the wider leaves, the 1 to 5 flowered inflorescence and the lip cordiform-triangular with a truncate callus. Epidendrum calagrense Hágsater & Dodson has a branching habit, distichous 2-flowered inflorescence and short, narrow leaves (less than 2" x .08" [5 x 0.8 cm], the elongate, triangular lip which is narrowed at the middle and the narrow, linear petals. Epidendrum paradisicolum Hágsater & Carda-Cruz has smaller flowers, the cordiform lip as wide as it is long, and the column short and thick, somewhat arched. In Epidendrum antillanum the lip is triangular, the callus terminates in 3 short keels and the petals are proportionately wider, 5-veined." Adapted from E calagrense Icones 4 Plate 425 Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 12: 151 Carnevali, Foldats & I.Ramírez 1992 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 425 Hagsater etal 2001 see recognition section; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing good; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017;