Epidendrum zarumense Hágsater & Dodson 1993 GROUP Difforme

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Zaruma Epidendrum [A municipality of Ecuador where the type was collected]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in southern Ecuador in cloud forests on old trees at elevations of 1200 to 1500 meters as a small sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, erect, somewhat laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 3 to 7, equi-distant all along the stem, coriaceous, narrowly to widely elliptic to ovate, smooth and brillant in youth becoming asperous with age, glaucous green, unequally bilobed apically, obtuse, margin entire leaves that blooms at any time of the year on a terminal, on a mature stem, producing several new racemes from the original peduncle over time, sessile, simultaneously 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, amplexicaul ovate floral bracts and carrying resupinate, nocturnally fragrant, glaucous green flowers.

"Epidendrum zarumense is a member of GROUP Difforme, being recognized by the somewhat laterally compressed, flexuous stems, glaucous green leaves, 1 to 2 simultaneous, glaucous green flowers, ecallose, 3-lobed lip with the lateral lobes deflexed and the midlobe trapezoid, retuse , and column straight with prominent, erose clinandrium. It is similar to E. amapense Hágsater &; L. Sánchez, which has smaller plants, more strongly compressed, ancipitous stems, and the lip conspicuously bicallose." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 200 Hagsater & Dodson 1993 drawing fide;