Eria coronaria (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 SECTION Trichosma

Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.

Another Flower different lip

Photo by Karl Senghas and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Fragrance Part sun Warm to Cold Spring

Common Name The Crowned Lip Eria - In China Zu Jing Mao Lan

Flower Size about 2" [about 5 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Assam, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, southern China and Vietnam in semi-deciduous and evergreen forests at elevations of 500 to 2300 meters as a miniature to medium sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or lithophtye on mossy limestone rocks with fleshy, naked, narrowly cylindric pseudobulbs that are pea-green becoming ash-gray and blackening with age carrying a few, lax, pubescent, basal sheaths and 2 apical, broadly lanceolate, coriaceous to fleshy, smooth, pale green leaves all arising from a subterranean soft rhizome. The 2, towards the apex, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, coriaceous leaves give rise to a terminal, erect or arching, 6" [15 cm] long, loosely 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with large, narrowly lanceolate floral bracts and several [2 to 6] fragrant, waxy, slightly nodding flowers that blooms in the spring.

Synonyms *Coelogyne coronaria Lindl.1841; Eria cylindripoda Griff. 1851; Eria medogensis S.C.Chen & Z.H.Tsi 1987; Eria suavis (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859; Trichosma coronaria (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Trichosma cylindropoda Griff. 1851; Trichosma suavis Lindl. 1842

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Orchid Culture in Ceylon and The East Price 1918/2003; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 as Trichosma suavis drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 1 1958 drawing ok; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 5 1958 as Trichosma suavis drawing ok; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979; Die Orchideen lieferung 11/12 633 - 752 Brieger 1981 as Trichosma coronaria photo plant only; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon 1992 photo fide; The Manual of Cultivated Orchids Bechtel, Cribb and Launert 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Manual of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000; Lindleyana Vol 15 No 4 2000; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 67 No 3 2002 photo; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 photo fide; Hainan Island Wild Orchid illustrations 2005 photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005 as Trichosma suavis; 100 Sikkim Himalayan Orchids Pradhan 2005 photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 72 No 4 2007 photo; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo hmm; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 as Trichosma suavis; Wild Orchids of Myanmar Taunggyi 2014 photo fide; Wild Orchids in Thailand 2 Vadhanaphuti 2014 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 77 #3 2013 photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #2 2016 drawing/photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;