Eria muscicola (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859 SECTION Conchidium

Plant and Flowers

Photos by Pierre Bonnet from the Orchis project website

Common Name The Moss-Growing Eria - In China Wang Qiao Ge Lan

Flower Size .2" to 1/4" [3 to 6mm]

Found in western Himalayas, Assam, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Yunnan province of and Vietnam in evergreen broad-leaved forests on trees or rocks at elevations of 1000 to 3000 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with caespitose, depressed globose, reticulate pseudobulbs carrying 2 to 4, oblanceolate, apiculate, shortly petiolate leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on a terminal, erect, glabrous, racemose, secund, 1.25" [3.2 cm] long, 3 to 6 flowered inflorescence with 1 to 2 ovate-lanceolate, acute sheaths and lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Callista parviflora (D.Don) Kuntze 1891; Conchidium muscicola (Lindl.) Rauschert 1983; Dendrobium muscicola Lindl. 1830; Dendrobium multicaule Teijsm. & Binn. 1866; Dendrobium parviflorum D.Don 1825; Eria muscicola var. brevilinguis J.Joseph & V.Chandras. 1976; Pinalia muscicola (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Porpax muscicola (Lindl.) Schuit., Y.P.Ng & H.A.Pedersen 2018

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Contributions to the Knowledge of the Flora of Sumatra Schlechter 1911; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1960 drawing fide; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Indian Orchids: A Guide to Identification Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northern 1980; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Opera Botanica #62 Orchid Genera in Thailand X Seidenfaden 1982 drawing good/photo good; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Oasis Vol 1 No 4 2000; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as E musicola var oblonga; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as E musicola var oblonga; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 4 part 1 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2005; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Conchidium musicola; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 as Conchidium musicola photos fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 photo ok; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 as Conchidium muscicola; Turczaninowia 19 (3): 558 L. V. Averyanov, Khang Sinh Nguyen etal 2016 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Conchidium musicola photo fide;