Eria thao Gagnep. 1950 SECTION Strongyleria

Plant and Flower

Flower from Behind

Photos courtesy of Dave Alford

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Common Name The ? Eria -In China Zhong Lan

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Hainan province of China and Vietnam in evergreen lowland forests and highland primary cloud forests at elevations of 500 to 2200 meters as a miniature sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte with spaced, subglobose to ovoid pseudobulbs enveloped by a sheath in youth and carrying a single apical, narrowly elliptic to oblong, coriaceous, petiolate base leaf that blooms in the summer and fall on a terminal, erect, red brown tomentose, 1.2 to 1.6" [3 to 4 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence carrying very fragrant, non-resupinate flowers.

Synonyms Campanulorchis thao (Gagnep.) S.C.Chen & J.J.Wood 2009; Eria thao var. wlodarczykii Roeth 2010

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Contribution to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 no 1 1995 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo plant only; Hainan Island Wild Orchid illustrations 2005 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok plant only; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009 as Campanulorchis thao; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 as Campanulorchis thao drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo ok; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 as Campanulorchis thao photo not =?;