Eulophia andamanensis Rchb.f. 1872


Plant with Flowers Photos © by Peter O'Byrne, courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel, Jaap Vermeulen, and André Schuiteman and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part shadeHot WarmSpring Fall

Common Name or Meaning The Andaman Eulophia - In Thailand Mu Kling

Flower Size more than 1" [more than 2.5 cm]

A medium sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial in grass or wastelands found in the Andaman Islands, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Sumatra and Malaysia with cylindrical-conical, six noded pseudobulbs carrying 6, grass-like, acute, keeled leaves with the lower ones smaller than the upper that blooms in the fall on an erect, to 15" [to 19.5 cm] long, many [10 to 15] flowered racemose inflorescence with triangular, acute floral bracts carrying long-lasting flowers occuring in the spring and fall with leafless pseudobulbs.

The name E andamanensis most likely is the correct name for the species as it takes precedence being described 24 years prior to E keithii which is the most commonly used name.

Synonyms Cyrtopera andamanensis (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1895; Eulophia keithii Ridley 1896; Eulophia poilanei Gagnep. 1931; Graphorchis andamanensis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Cyrtopera andamensis; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1961 as Eulophia keithii drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as E keithii drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections as E keithii; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E keithii; Botanisk Tidsskrift Bind 66 Hefte 4 Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand III Seidenfaden 1971; Beautiful Thai Orchid Species Kamemoto and Sagarik 1975 as E keithii photo ok; Indian Orchids Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 2 Pradhan 1979 drawing ok; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 photo fide; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing/photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchid Genera of Thailand Laos Cambodia and Vietnam Schuiteman and de Vogle 2000 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids Of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide