!Eulophia guineensis Lindl. 1823 SECTION Eulophia TYPE Photo by B Jongeling and The Zambia Flora Website

Another Color Photo by Lourens Grobler

Side View of Flower Photo by Eric Hunt and his Orchid Species Photo Website

toand EARLY

Common Name The Guinea Eulophia - The Broad Leaved Ground Orchid

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in the Cape Verde Islands, Benin, Burkino Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Oman, Saudia Arabia and Yemen in scrub and woodland, on poor rocky soil at elevations of 600 to 2000 meters as a large sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with clustered, ovoid-conical, 2 to 3 noded pseudobulb carrying 2 to 4 , elliptic to broadly lanceolate, depressed veins, acute leaves that blooms on a erect, to almost 2' [60 cm] long, loosely several to many [5 to 15], flowered inflorescence with waxy, fragrant flowers occuring in the fall and early winter. This species can be found with or without deciduous leaves.

Synonyms Eulophia congoensis Cogn. 1895; Eulophia guineensis var. kibilana Schltr. 1915; Eulophia guineensis var purpurata Kotschy 1865; Eulophia guineensis var. tisserantii Szlach. & Olszewski 2001; Eulophia quartiniana A. Rich. 1850; Galeandra quartiniana (A.Rich.) Rchb.f. 1852; Graphorchis guineensis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Saccolabium abyssinicum A.Rich. 1851

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E quartiniana photo ok; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as E congolensis; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as E guineeniss; AOS Buletin Vol 38 No 1 1969 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 39 No 10 1970 as E quartiana; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as E quartiniana drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 1 1983 photo; Orchids of the Central African Republic - A Provisional Checklist Cribb & Fay 1987; Simon & Schuster's Guide to Orchids Schuler 1988 photo fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 as E quartianana drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 1 1991 as Eulophia quartiniana photo; The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Orchids Pridgeon photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb and Launert 1992 photo fide; Manual Of Orchids Stewart 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and in Cultivation La Croix 1997 photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 2 Pope 1998; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo/drawing fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 70 No 4 2005; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 1 2008 photo; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 5 Epidendrodeae Part 2 Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2009; Le Petit Larousse des Orchidees Lecoufle, Barthelemy and Schmidt 2013 photo fide;