Eulophia spectabilis (Dennst.) Suresh 1988 SECTION Cyrtopera

Another Angle Photo by N. T. Gerald

Another Flower?

Plant and Flower Photos by Manorot Tangsaveepha Copyright , and the Butterfly and Orchids Photo Gallery

Indonesian Variety Anggrek Bakong Photo by David Sucianto

SOMETIMESFragrancePart sun HotWarm Spring

Common Name The Spectacular Eulophia In China - Zi Hua Mei Guan Lan - In Thailand Wan Hua Khru

Flower Size 1 to 2.8 [2.5 to 7 cm]

Found in Assam India, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Sri Lanka, western Himalayas, S. China, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanamar, Thailand, Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga, Vanuatu, Caroline Islands and the Mariana Islands in open grasslands and swamps, roadcuts and disturbed soils at elevations of 200 to 900 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial orchid with subterranean, almost round pseudobulbs enveloped basally by a few imbricate, lanceolate sheaths, carrying 3 to 4, lanceolate, plicate, acuminate, long petiolate leaves that wrap and enfold each other and narrow below into a long, grooved stalk which has below several leaf-like bracts and blooms in the spring on a to 12 to 40" [30 to 100 cm] tall, thick, fleshy, few to several [2 to 20] flowered inflorescence bearing several, ovate-elliptic, acute to acuminate, sterile bracts and has linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and carrying sometimes fragrant flowers.

This species has extremely varied flower forms through it's range.

Synonyms Cyrtopera fusca Wight 1851; Cyrtopera gardneri Thwaites 1861; Cyrtopera godefroyi Rchb.f. 1878; Cyrtopera laxiflora Gardner ex Thwaites 1861; Cyrtopera mysorensis Lind. 1859; Cyrtopera nuda (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872; Cyrtopera plicata Lindl. 1833; Cyrtopera regnieri Rchb.f. 1886; Cyrtopera squalida (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1857; Cyrtopodium bicolor (Blume) Ridl. 1885; Cyrtopodium squalidum (Lindl.) Vidal 1885; Eulophia bicolor Dalzell 1851; Eulophia elata Hook.f. 1890; Eulophia bicolor Blume 1859; Eulophia bicolor var. celebica J.J.Sm. 1922; Eulophia burkei Rolfe ex Downie 1925; Eulophia celebica Blume 1859; Eulophia elata Hook.f. 1890; Eulophia elongata Blume 1859; Eulophia fusca (Wight) Blume 1859; Eulophia hildebrandii Schltr. 1919; Eulophia holochila Collett & Hemsl. 1890; Eulophia lutea Blume 1859; Eulophia macgregorii Ames 1914; Eulophia mucronata Blume 1859; Eulophia nuda Lindl. 1833; Eulophia regnieri (Rchb.f.) Guillaumin 1955; Eulophia squalida Lindl. 1841; Eulophia sumatrana Blume 1859; Geodorum pierrei Gagnep. 1932; Graphorkis bicolor (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis elata (Hook.f.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis holochila (Collett & Hemsl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis nuda (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis squalida (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis sumatrana (Blume) Kuntze 1891; Phaius steppicolus Hand.-Mazz. 1925; Semiphajus chevalieri Gagnep. 1932; *Wolfia spectabilis Dennst. 1818

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857 as Cyrtopera squalida; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Cyrtopera godefroyi; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Cyrtopera squalida; Icones Plantarum Vol 22 Hooker 1892 as E holochila drawing hmm; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as E nuda drawing hmm; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as E nuda var macrantha drawing hmm; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as E nuda var purpurea drawing hmm; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as E nuda var andersoni drawing hmm; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Cyrtopera holochila; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as E nuda drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as E squalida; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as E nuda; Die Orchideen Von Java figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as E squalida drawing fide; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Cyrtopera nuda; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Cyrtopera squalida; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E nuda; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as E squalida; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 4 1958 drawing as E nuda; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 as E squalida drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 3 1958 drawing as E nuda; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 10 1958 drawing; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as E burkei drawing; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as E nuda drawing; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E nuda; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as E squalida; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 as E nuda; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 4 1984 as E squalida; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as E squalida; The Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville Lewis & Cribb 1991 as E nuda; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as E macgregorii; Die Orchideen lieferung 24 Schlechter/Brieger 1991 as E nuda; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide to the 1 2 photos; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 as E burkei photo fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 as E nuda photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 as Eulophia nuda; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; The Orchids Of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Woods 1992 drawing fide; Orchids of Borneo Chan, Shim, Lamb & Wood 1994; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; A to Z of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 4 2006 photo; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing okishhmm; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo coleection sheet; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide to another flower; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide to 1st photo/photo ok; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide

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