Galeola nudifolia Lour. 1790 Photo courtesy of Rosli Zakaria of Malaysia

Part Shade HotColdwinter Summer

Common Name The Leafless Galeola - In China Man Sheng Shan Shan Hu - In Thailand Thao daeng dong, Thao wan khiao dong

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in the eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, the Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra and Papua and New Guinea at elevations of sealevel to 2200 meters on shady, rocky, wet stream banks or in soils dampened by mists and splash along steep watercourses as a large to giant sized [to 20m], mycoheterotrophic, leafless, vine-like, hot to cold growing terrestrial with rusty red-brown pubescent, climbing or sprawling, thick stems with 2 to 8" [5 to 3.2"] long internodes carrying triangular, broad-based, reddish scale leaves and blooms in the winter through summer on a many branched, each branch to .8" [2 cm] apart, to 12" [30 cm] long inflorescence carrying the several to many, successively opening flowers towards the apex.

Synonyms Cranichis nudifolia (Lour.) Pers. 1807; Epidendrum galeola Raeusch. 1797; Erythrorchis kuhlii Rchb.f. 1865; Galeola hydra Rchb.f. 1865; Galeola kuhlii (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1865; Galeola pterosperma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1911; Galeola torana J.J.Sm. 1915; Vanilla pterosperma Lindl. 1832; Vanilla rubiginosa Griff. 1851

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Galeola hydra; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Galeola kuhlii drawing fide; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1862 as Erythrorchis kuhlii drawing ok; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as G hydra; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Galeola hydra; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Galeola hydra drawing ok; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Smith 1905 as Galeola hydra; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Smith 1908 as Galeola hydra drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Galeola pterosperma; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1953as G kuhlii; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 as G kuhlii; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984 as Galeola kuhlii; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; The Orchids of Penninsular Mayasia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 41 2001 drawing fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2006; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide

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