!Gastrochilus calceolaris [Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.] D. Don 1825 SECTION Gastrochilus Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

Another Flower Photo courtesy of Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence Photo courtesy of Thien Phien Plant in situ Cameron Highlands Malaysia

FragrancePart sunColdTo Hot Spring

Common Name The Shoe-Shaped Gastrochilus - In China - Pen Ju Lan

Flower Size to about 3/4" [to 2 cm]

A medium sized, cold to hot growing epiphytic orchid from the eastern Himalayas, Assam India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Yunnan and Hainan China, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and the Philippines in evergreen lowland forests or primary montane forests at elevations of 200 to 2300 meters. The flowers are translucent cream marked with dark brown spots. The lip is white with a bright yellow central patch and is fringed. The orchid flowers in the fall and winter on a very short to 2" [5 cm] long, corymbose, pendant, purple spotted, stout, few flowered inflorescence with small bracts that has slightly fragrant, waxy, longlasting, pubescent flowers and is a monopodial epiphyte with a very short stem carrying strongly falcate, linear-lanceolate, acutely, unequally bilobed apically leaves .

Synonyms *Aerides calceolare Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. 1818; Aerides leopardorum Wall. ex Hook. 1890; Epidendrum calceolare (Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.) D.Don 1825; Gastrochilus philippinensis Ames 1915; Gastrochilus sororius Schlechter 1913; Saccolabium calceolare [D. Don] Lindley 1839; Sarcochilus nepalensis Sprengl. 1828

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878 as Saccolabium calceolare; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 as Saccolabium calceolare drawing fide; Die Orchideen Von Java J.J.Sm. 1905 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as Saccolabium calceolare; Die Orchideen Von Java Figuren Atlas J.J.Sm. 1908 as Saccolabium calceolare drawing fide; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Holttum 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959 drawing fide; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 47 No 7 1978 as Saccolabium calceolare; Orchidiana Philipiniana Vol 1 Valmayor 1984; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 8 1985; Die Orchideen lieferung 19/20 Schlechter/Brieger 1988; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as Saccolabium calceolare; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia and Singapore Seidenfaden & Wood 1992 drawing fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 as G bigibus not photo fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 1 O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo good; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo good; Wild Orchids in Myanamar Vol 3 Tanaka 2007; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Native Orchids From Gaoligongshan Mountains, China Xiaohua, Xiaodong and Xiaochun 2009 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok;The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo plant only; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------