!Gongora quinquenervis Ruiz and Pavon 1798 SECTION Eugongora SUBSECTION Gongora Photo by Martin Battiti and The Orchidstudium Website

Alba form Photo by Carlos Keller and Nossa Orquideas Website

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Common Name The Five-Lined Gongora

Flower Size to about 2" [5 cm]

Flying dragons, with a sweet scent, easy to grow in a teak basket. From Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana and Trinidad as a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte in humid forests up to 1400 meters in elevation with ovoid-oblong to conical, deeply grooved and ridged pseudobulbs carrying 3, apical, lanceolate, ligulate or elliptic obovate, acute, plicate, suberect, shortly petiolate leaves with undulate margins that blooms in late spring till fall on a 2' [60 cm] long, pendulous, usually dark red, loosely many flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant, inverted flowers.

Synonyms Cirrhaea atropurpurea hort. ex Stein ?; Gongora atropurpurea Hooker 1827; Gongora boothiana hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora fulva var. vitellina Lindl. 1841; Gongora galeottiana A.Rich. 1845; Gongora heisteri Hort. ex Rchb.f 1858; Gongora jenischii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora leucochila Lem. 1845; Gongora luteola Stein 1892; Gongora nigrita Lindley 1839; Gongora odoratissima Lem. 1847; Gongora quadricornis hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora retrorsa Rchb.f 1854; Gongora shepherdii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora vitellina hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as G retrorsa drawing; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 2/3 1977/8 drawing; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 748 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 5 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 12 1995 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999; Oasis Vol 1 No 3 2000 photo; Guia Ilustrada Para la Clasificacion del Genero Gongora Toulemonde 2001 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 3 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as G pleichroma photo not = G quinquenervis fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

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