!Gongora quinquenervis Ruiz and Pavon 1798 SECTION Eugongora SUBSECTION Gongora Photo by Martin Battiti and The Orchidstudium Website

Alba form Photo by Carlos Keller and Nossa Orquideas Website

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Common Name The Five-Lined Gongora

Flower Size to about 2" [5 cm]

Flying dragons, with a sweet scent, easy to grow in a teak basket. From Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana and Trinidad as a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte in humid forests up to 1400 meters in elevation with ovoid-oblong to conical, deeply grroved and ridged pseudobulbs carrying 3, apical, lanceolate, ligulate or elliptic obovate, acute, plicate, suberect, shortly petiolate leaves with undulate margins and has a 2' [60 cm]long, pendulous, usually dark red, loosely many, flowered inflorescence that blooms in late spring till fall with fragrant, inverted flowers.

Synonyms Cirrhaea atropurpurea hort. ex Stein ?; Gongora atropurpurea Hooker 1827; Gongora boothiana hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora fulva var. vitellina Lindl. 1841; Gongora galeottiana A.Rich. 1845; Gongora heisteri Hort. ex Rchb.f 1858; Gongora jenischii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora leucochila Lem. 1845; Gongora luteola Stein 1892; Gongora nigrita Lindley 1839; Gongora odoratissima Lem. 1847; Gongora quadricornis hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora retrorsa Rchb.f 1854; Gongora shepherdii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854; Gongora vitellina hort. ex Rchb. f. 1854

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 as G retrorsa drawing; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Flora Brasilica Vol XII VI Hoehne 1942; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 4 1970; Die Orchideen #2 5-8 tafel 3 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 2/3 1977/8 drawing; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 748 Dodson 1982 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 54 No 5 1985 photo; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 60 No 5 1991; AOS Bulletin Vol 64 No 12 1995 photo; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Lieferung 37-8 1999; Oasis Vol 1 No 3 2000 photo; Guia Ilustrada Para la Clasificacion del Genero Gongora Toulemonde 2001 drawing/photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing/photo fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 71 No 3 2006 photo; AOS Bulletin Vol 78 No 5 2009 photo; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 as G pleichroma photo not = G quinquenervis fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;