!Grammangis ellisii [Lindley]Rchb.f 1860

Photo by Olaf Pronk and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website


Common Name Ellis's Grammangis [English Missionary in east Africa 1800'S]

Flower Size 3 1/2" [7.5 cm]

Found in Madagascar in coastal rainforests often overhanging rivers at altitudes of sealevel to 1300 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing, epiphytic species with ovoid-tetragonal pseudobulbs enveloped by several sheaths and carrying 3 to 5, oblong, plicate, obliquely rounded apically leaves and flowers in the later spring and earlysummer from the half completed new pseudobulb with a basal, arching, to 3' [90 cm] long, bracteate inflorescence with many waxy, long-lasting, fragrant flowers. The mature pseudobulb is unusual in that it has a four sided, tall, spindle shape.

The species is evergreen with persistent leaves but needs a semi-dry winter rest after the bulbs have matured.

Synonyms Gabertia ellisii (Lindl.) Gaudich. 1892; Grammangis fallax Schltr. 1915; *Grammatophyllum ellisi Lindley 1860

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1862; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/81; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939/81 as G fallax; AOS Bulletin Vol 26 No 5 1957 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 2 1963 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 No 10 1963; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing fide; An Introduction to the Angraecoid Orchids of Madagascar Hillerman & Holst 1986 drawing/photo fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 drawing/photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 62 #4 1998 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 68 No 9 1999 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 76 No 9 2007 photo fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009 photo fide; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide;