Habenaria aitchisonii Rchb.f. 1886 SECTION Diphyllae Kraenzl.

Photo by Naresh Swami

Plant and Flowers in situ China

Photo by Sun Hang and Courtesy of the Flora of Pakistan Website

Plant in situ Pakistan

Photo by Renz and the Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Website


Common Name Aitchison's Habenaria [English Physiscian and Botanist in India 1800's] - In China Luo Di Jin Qian

Flower Size .2 to .28" [5 to 7 mm]

Found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, western Himalayas, Chinese Himalayas, eastern Himalayas and Nepal in open forests on sandstone at elevations of 3000 to 3950 meters as a miniature to medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with cylindric tubers giving rise to 2, basal, adpressed to the ground, subopposite, orbicular to broadly ovate, acute, sessile, thick, softly glandular-pubescent leaves with adpressed, lanceolate, acute stem bracts above that blooms in the summer and early fall on an erect, subsecund, subdensely many flowered, 1.4 to 8" [3.5 to 20 cm] long, inflorescence with lanceolate, acute floral bracts and carrying erect, adpressed to the rachis, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Habenaria bihamata Kraenzl. 1921; Habenaria diceras Schltr.1912; Habenaria diceras var. pubicaulis (Schltr.) So 1929; Habenaria pubicaulis Schltr.1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide plant ok; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing ok; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Terrestrial Orchids Swami 2016 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;