Habenaria caldensis Kraenzl.1893 SECTION Subnudas


Plant specimen

Perianth Photos by © Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti and the Orquideas de Minas Gerais; El Genero Habenaria

Drawing Drawing by Foldats

Partial Shade Cool Cold Spring THROUGH EARLY fall

Common Name The Caldas Habenaria [Poa do Caldas, a town in Minas Gerias]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Bahia, Goias, and Minas Gerais states of Brazil as well as Peru in open humid grasslands and along roadsides in wet montane forests at elevations of 1200 to 2300 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with an erect, slender stem carrying unevenly distichous, linear, acute, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring through early fall on a terminal, to 6.4" [to 16 cm] long, many flowered inflorescence with ovoid-lanceolate, long acuminate, shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms Habenaria paludosa Barb.Rodr.1877; Rhinorchis caldensis (Kraenzl.) Szlach. 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 1 Schweinfurth 1958; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 1 Foldats 1969 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 drawing good; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 076 Bennett & Dodson 1989 drawing hmm, leaf definitly wrong, spur too long; Inventaire Taxonomique des Plantas de la Guyane Francaise II Les Orquidacees Cremers & Hoff 1992; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Orquideas Da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; Orquideas de Minas Gerais; El Genero Habenaria Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti; Rev. bras. Bot. vol.31 no.1 Sćo Paulo Jan./Mar. 2008 photo; Orquideas Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 as Rhinorchis caldensis drawing fide