Habenaria candolleana Cogn. 1893 SECTION Pentadactylae UrbanDrawing by © Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti and the The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon

Common Name The Candolla Habenaria

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in west central Brazil as a small to medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with an ovoid subterranean tuber giving rise to an erect stem enveloped by cauline, long-lanceolate, acumiante leaves that blooms in the summer on an erect, 1.2 to 2" [3 to 5 cm] long, 2 to 3 flowered inflorescence carrying whitish green flowers

+"This species is typical of the northern part of the " cerrado" biome, but occasionally enters the savannahs on rocky soil of the Amazon region. In flower morphology it is similar to H. goyazensis, but H. candolleana is distinguished by the leaves that are concentrated on the stem base (vs. spread along the stem), the lax inflorescence with 2-4 flowers (vs. 6-30 in H. goyazensis), the green sepals and white petals and lip (vs. green petals and lip), and the spur which is as long or a little longer than the pedicellate ovary (vs. about twice the length of the pedicellate ovary in H. goyazensis). The species occurs in seasonally humid places."


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 drawing good; +The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti; Rev. bras. Bot. vol.31 no.1 Sćo Paulo Jan./Mar. 2008