Habenaria clypeata Lindl. 1835 SECTION Clypeatae TYPE for the section

Flower Closeup

Photos by © Edouard Faria ©


Common Name The Shield-Shaped Habenaria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in the states of Sonora, Chihuahua, Durango, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Mexico, Morelos, Dept Federal, Oaxaca, Pueblo, Vera Cruz, and Chiapas states of Mexico as well as Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in grassy openings in oak and oak/pine forests at elevations of 1000 to 2700 meters as a small to medium sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a small basal tuber giving rise to an erect stem carrying many, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, spreading to appressed, acute to narrowly acuminate, basally clasping, articulate to the leaf sheaths and blooming in the suumer and early fall on an erect, few to 20 flowered, racemose inflorescence with ovate to lanceolate, conduplicate, acuminate floral bracts


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Orchids of Guatemala Ames & Correl 1952 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910; Drawings of Florida Orchids Blanche Ames 1959 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 as H lactiflora drawing/photo okish; AOS Bulletin Vol 49 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 759 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Flora Novo Galaciana McVaugh 1985; Orchids of Guatemala and Beliz Ames & Correll 1985 drawing fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Panama and Costa Rica Dressler 1993; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol III Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005; ; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018