Habenaria cornuta Lindl. 1837 SECTION Ceratopetalae Kranzl 1892 TYPE for the section>

Photos by © Dominique Bonardi

Flower Detail

Photo by © P J Cribb and the Arkive Website

Plant and Flowers in situ

Photos courtesy of © Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Fragrant Full sun warm Cold summer EARLYfall

Common Name The Horned Habenaria [refers to the lower petal lobes]

Flower Size 1.4" [3.5 cm]

Found in Ivory Coast, Guinea, Nigeria, Cameroon, Zaire, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Cape Province, Natal, Swaziland and Transvaal South Africa in open grasslands and brachystegia forests at elevations of 850 to 2400 meters as a small to large sized, warm to cold growing, glabrous terrestrial with ellipsoid, elongate-ovoid to nearly globose, densely tomotose tubers giving rise to an erect, slender to rather stout, leafy throughout stem carrying 9 to 15, the middlemost, recurved, linear-lanceolate, the lowermost smaller and bract-like, uppermost decreasing smaller leaves that blooms in the summer and early fall on an erect, 2 to 7.6" [5 to 19 cm] long, loosely to densely many flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, shorter than the ovaries floral bracts and carrying suberect, fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Bilabrella orthocaulis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006; Ceratopetalorchis cornuta (Lindl.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukall 2003; Habenaria ceratopetala A.Rich. 1840; Habenaria orthocaulis Schltr. 1915; Habenaria pristichila Kraenzl. 1914; Habenaria ruwenzoriensis Rendle 1895; Habenaria subcornuta Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as H ceratopetala; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart and Campbell 1996 photo fide; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 photo fide; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 photo/drawing fide; Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb and Rasmussen 2004 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photos fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Ceratopetalorchis cornuta drawing fide