Habenaria furcifera Lindl. 1835 SECTION Commelynifoliae Kraenzl 1893

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Photos by Pierre Bonnet and Andre Schuiteman

Part shadeHot CoolLATESummer EARLYFall

Common Name The Fork-Carrying Habenaria - In China Mi Hua Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size 3/4" [2 cm]

Found from Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, Bhutan, Nepal, lower India, western Himalayas, Pakistan, Myanmar Thailand and Yunnan China in forests and forest margins at elevations of 10 to 1500 meters as a medium sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial orchid with a fusiform tuber giving rise to a glabrous stem with imbricating, tubular basal sheaths and carrying 3 to 5 clustered in the basal third, oblong-ovate, to ovate-elliptic, acute, shortly petiolate base leaves that blooms in the late summer and early fall on an erect, 5.6" to 11.2" [14 to 28 cm] long, laxly several to many flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Habenaria furcifera var hollaniana Pradhan 1976; Habenaria hamigera Griff. 1844; Habenaria modesta Dalzell 1850; Habenaria tenuicornis Wall. ex Hook.f. 1896

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1959; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 drawing good; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Nilgris Joseph 1987 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo hmm; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos another flower fide; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018 photo Fide;