Habenaria hamata Barb.Rodr. 1877 SECTION Seticauda

Plant and Flowers in situ Brazil Drawing by © Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti and the The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon


Common Name The Hook-Shaped Habenaria [refers to the spur]

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in French Guiana and Amapa, Para, Tocantins, Goias, District Federal, Piaui, Bahia, Paraiba, Permanbuco, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo states of Brazil as a small sized cool growing terrestrial with an erect stem enveloped completly by leafbearing sheaths and carrying 12 to 16, triangular-lanceolate, acute, 3 nerved, grading larger up the stem leaves that blooms in the later summer and earlier fall on an erect, terminal, 2.4 to 4.8" [6 to 12 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence with erect, 5 nerved, ovate-lanceolate, acute, as long as the ovary and pedicel floral bracts..

+"This species is similar and undoubtedly closely related to H. obtusa and H. seticauda, but distinct by the not imbricate bracts (vs. imbricate and covering most of the rachis in H. obtusa and H. seticauda), usually larger flowers (midlobe of lip 25-36 mm long in H. hamata vs. 10-18 mm long in H. obtusa and H. seticauda), which spread from the stem, and the spur which is free from the bracts and hook shaped or sinuous (vs. usually completely enclosed between the bracts and straight in H. obtusa and H. seticauda). Sepals are green and white, the petals mainly white and the lip green. The species occurs in humid as well as in dry places."


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 drawing fide; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst and Dungs 1975 drawing fide; Orquideas da Chapada Diamantina Brito & Cribb 2005; +The genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the Brazilian Amazon Joćo A. N. Batista; Joćo Batista F. da Silva; Luciano de Bem Bianchetti; Rev. bras. Bot. vol.31 no.1 Sćo Paulo Jan./Mar. 2008 drawing/photo fide; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 as Habenella hamata drawing fide