Habenaria hollandiana Santapau 1957 SECTION Commelynifoliae Kraenzl 1893

Drawing by Wight

Part Shade Warm Cool Fall

Common Name Holland's Habenaria [British Commandant of the internment camp in India during WW II]

Flower Size .68" [1.6 cm] long

Found in India, Assam and the eastern Himalayas on grassy slopes at elevations of 600 to 1200 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with 2, oblong-ovoid to ellipsoid tubers giving rise to 2 to 12, cluster at the lower 1/4th of the stem, becoming sheathing bracts below, obovate, to broadly oblanceolate to oblanceoalte-elliptic, acute, minutely papillate marginally leaves that blooms in the fall on a terminal, erect, peduncle to 9.2" [23 cm] long, terete, provided with oblong to lanceolate, lower ones longest, the upper ones smaller and semiamplexicaul, rachis 3.2 to 8.8" [8 to 22 cm] long, somewhat dense, many flowered inflorescence with as long to longer than the ovary, lanceolate, acuminate, minutely pappilate marginally floral bracts

Synonyms Habenaria affinis Wight 1851; Habenaria indica C.S.Kumar & Mamilal 1986; Habenaria malleifera var. hollandiana (Santapau) Pradhan 1979;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018