Habenaria lithophila Schltr.1915 SECTION Diphyllae Kraenzl 1892

Photo by Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flowers in situ Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Full shade Warm Cold Summer

Common Name The Rock-Loving Habenaria

Flower Size .6" [1.5cm]

Found in Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Lesotho, Cape Province Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal South Africa in stony ground grasslands at elevations of 800 to 2800 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with ellipsoid, tomentose tubers giving rise to an erect, slender to rather stout stem with 2 large, ovate to nearly reniform, apiculate to rounded, slightly cordate basally rather fleshy basal leaves and numerous [5 to 50] smaller and narrower, lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, acuminate, adpressed to the stem upper leaves that blooms in the summer on a 1.6" to 5.6" long, densely 10 to 30 flowered inflorescence

Synonyms Habenaria arachnoides MacOwan ex Kraenzl. 1893; Habenaria bolusiana Schltr. 1924; Habenaria macowaniana Kraenzl. 1893; Habenaria petri Schltr. 1924

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 photo fide; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008 photo fide; The Cape Orchids Vol 1 Liltved & Johnson 2012 photo fide;