Habenaria macroceratitis Willd. 1805 SECTION Macroceratitae Kraenzl. TYPE for the section

Photo by © Prem Subrahmanyam and The Florida Native Orchid Blogspot

Another Flower

Photo by Mark Larocque.

Another Flower


Plant in situ Jalisco Mexico

Photos by © Edouard Faria


Common Name The Large Horned Habenaria

Flower Size 2.2" [5.5 cm]

Found in Florida USA, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana and Surinam as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with an erect stem enveloped completely by leaf sheaths carrying oblong-lanceolate to oblong-ovate, acute to acuminate, decreasing in size upwards leaves that blooms in the later summer on an erect, terminal, to 12" [30 cm] long, laxly many flowered inflorescence with leafy, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts

Differs from H quinquesta in the longer spur.

Synonyms Habenaria habenaria (L.) Small 1903; Habenaria macroceras Spreng. 1826; Habenaria quinqueseta var. macroceratitis (Willd.) Luer 1972; Nemuranthes habenaria (L.) Raf. 1837; *Orchis habenaria L. 1759; Orchis longicornis Sessť & Moc. 1894

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856 as H macroceratitis; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1900 as H macroceratitis; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as H macroceratitis drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol 4 Ames 1910; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19 Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Flora Brasilica Vol XII I Hoehne 1940 as H macroceratitis drawing ok; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR as H macroceratitis; Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 1242. 1759 as Orchis habenaria; Sp. Pl. 4(1): 44. 1805 as H macroceratitis; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 78. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as H macroceratites; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 1 1969; The Native Orchids of Florida Luer 1972 as H quinquesta var macroceratitis drawing/photo fide; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 769 Hamer 1982 drawing fide; Catalogo Descriptivo de Las Orquideas Cubanas Acuna Gale 1987; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Inventaire Taxonomique des Plantas de la Guyane Francaise II Les Orquidacees Cremers & Hoff 1992; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 No 12 2001 photo fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Wild Orchids of Florida Brown 2002 photos/drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of North America North of Mexico Brown 2003 photo/drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol III Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez & Dressler 2005 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, Mytnik-ejsmont, Sawicka, Rutkowski and Baranov 2012 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 83 #1 2013 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #3 2016 as H macroceras drawing fide; Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia Vol 1 Szlachetko & Kolanowska 2017 drawing fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018