Habenaria pectinata D.Don 1825 SECTION Macroceratitis Kraenzl Photo by Plant Hunter and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower Photo by Pankaj Kumar

FragrantPart shadeWarm to Cool Spring THROUGHFall

Common Name The Comb-Like Habenaria [refers to the lip] - In China Jian Ye Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size .8 to 2" [2 to 5 cm]

Found in the Chinese Himalayas, Assam India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, western Himalayas and Pakistanin forests at elevations around 900 to 3500 meters as a large sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial orchid with a fusiform tuber giving rise to a leafy stem with tubular, imbricate sheaths and carrying 6 to 8, distant, narrowly lanceolate-ensiform to lanceolate, acute to acuminate, sessile leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an erect, subdensely 7 to many flowered, glabrous, 2.4 to 8" [6 to 20- cm] long inflorescence with leafy, lanceolate, acuminate, 5 veined floral bracts and carrying fragrant flowers.

Many sources put this species together with H ensifolia and H intermedia but they are all quite differnt. H ensifolia is a much more robust and taller plant as well as much more common and H intermedia has a much longer spur and longer and more segments to the lip as well as being much more common. H pectinata is fairly rare and seldom encountered.

This species is within a group of similar orchids consisiting of H intermedia, H davidii, H arietina, H ensifolia, H triquetra, H yueana, H mairei and H limprichtii which all have trilobed lips with the two lateral sides with fringe.

SynonymsHabenaria gerardiana Lindl. 1832; Kryptostoma pectinatum (D.Don) Olszewski & Szlach. 2000; Ochyrorchis pectinata (D.Don) Szlach. 2004; *Orchis pectinata Sm.1806

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing fide; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 as H ensifolia; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Orchids of Arunachal Pradesh Hegde 1984; Orchids of North West Himalaya Deva & Naithani 1986 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as H ensifolia; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Beautiful Orchids of Nepal Rajbhandari & Bhattarai 2001; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 as H marginata; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as H ensifolia; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos ok; A Century of New Orchid Records in Bhutan Royal Government of Bhutan 2017 drawing/photo fide;