Habenaria rumphii (Brongn.) Lindl. 1835 SECTION Acuiferae

Plant and Flowers in situ

Photos by © Peter O'Byrne, Dr. E.F. de Vogel, André Schuiteman, and Jaap Vermeulen and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website and Flora Malesiana Vol III

Deep Shade Hot Winter

Common Name Rumphi's Habenaria [Dutch Botanist 1800's in Java]

Flower Size .7" [1.7 cm]

Found in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Moluccas, Sumatra, Sulawesi, The Philippines, New Guinea and Queensland Australia in lowland grasslands at elevations of sealevel to 500 meters as a small sized, hot growing terrestrial with an oblong tuber carrying an erect, 3 to 4 leafed stem carrying erect, lanceolate-linear, narrowing towards the base, gradually acuminate apically leaves that blooms in the winter on an erect, terminal, racemose, 9.6" to 12.8" [24 to 32 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with 3 to 6, lanceolate-linear to subulate, setaeceous-acuminate bracts and erect, subulate, setaceous-acuminate, concave, keeled, 1 nerved floral bracts.

Synonyms Habenaria dahliana Kraenzl. 1898; Habenaria holtzei F.Muell. 1890 publ. 1891; Habenaria rumphii var. meraukensis J.J.Sm. 1909; Habenaria stauroglossa Kraenzl. 1889; *Platanthera rumphii Brongn. 1834; Satyrium dahlianum (Kraenzl.) Kuntze 1903

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1857; Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1878; Orchidaceae of German New Guinea Schlechter 1912 drawing fide; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 90 J J Smith 1928; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934; Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle % No 71 Seidenfaden 1972 drawing ok; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975;Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; A Guide to the Monocotyledons of Papua New Guinea Part 4 Orchidaceae [in Part] Howcroft 1984; Orchids of Java Comber 1990; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo hmm; Lindleyana Vol 17 No 1 2002; Botanica's Orchids Laurel Glen 2002 Photo fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo hmm; Flora Malesiana Orchids of New Guinea Vol III Shuiteman and de Vogel 2005; Native Orchids of Australia Jones 2006 photo hmm; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing good; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Checklist of Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Saw and Chung 2017; Checklist of Papusian Orchids Ormerod 2017;