Habenaria rhynchocarpa (Thwaites) Trimen 1885 SECTION Macroceratitis Kraenzl

Photo by Orchid Web Blog


Photo by Niranjan Sant Indian Nature Watch Website

Full shade Warm Cool Fall Winter

Common Name The Beak Like Fruit Habenaria

Flower Size .4 to .8" [1 to 2 cm]

Found only in India and Sri Lanka along roadsides and on road banks at elevations of 610 to 1220 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with clavate tubers giving rise to an erect, slender stem carrying sessile, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, basally clasping leaves taht blooms in the fall and winter on an erect, terminal, 2 to 3" [5 to 7.5 cm] long, densely several flowered inflroescence with narrowly lanceoalte, finely acuminate, denticulate, 3 veined floral bracts.

CAUTION This species is often confused with the species H stenopetala but they are different. Lindley described 2 different H stenopetala in the same publication, this one is a synonym of H rhynchocarpa and is found on the Indian Subcontinent. The other is the real H stenopetala which has a much wider range than H rhynchocarpa.

Synonyms Habenaria stenopetala Lindl. pg 324 1835; Plantaginorchis rhynchocarpa (Thwaites) Szlach. 2004; Platanthera rhynchocarpa Thwaites 1861

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; A Century of Indian Orchids Vol 5 Hooker 1895 as H stenopetala drawing ok; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Vol V Ames 1915 as H delessertiana; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976 as H stenopetala drawing fide; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 as H stenopetala drawing ok; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018;