Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) Lindl. 1835 SECTION Commelynifoliae Kraenzl 1893

Photo by David Kuehn

Common Name The Green Flowered Habenaria - In China Lu Hua Yu Feng Hua

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, southern China, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam in damp grassy areas in forests in low countryas a small to medium sized, hot to warm growing terrestrial orchid with oblong, fleshy tubers giving rise to an erect, slender, rigid, glabrous stem carrying 4 to 5, linear, acuminate to acute apically, amplexicaul base leaves grading above into 1 to 7, erect, lanceolate, acuminate, serrate margined bract-like leaves that blooms in the winter on an erect, glabrous, .8 to 1.6" [2 to 4 cm] long, serveral to more than 10 flowered inflorescence with a 3.4 to 9.6" [8.5 to 24 cm] long rachis carrying ovate-lanceolate, much shorter than the ovary, long acuminate apically floral bracts

Synonyms Coeloglossum luteum Dalzell 1850; Habenaria chlorantha Turcz. 1854; Habenaria graminea A.Rich. 1841; Habenaria tenuis Griff. 1844; *Orchis viridiflora Rottler ex Sw 1800

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Flore Generale de Indo-Chine Volume 6 Gagnepain 1934; Orchids of Bombay Santapau & Kapadia 1966 drawing ok; Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle % No 71 Seidenfaden 1972 drawing good; Contributions to a Revision of the Orchid Flora of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam Seidenfaden 1975; Indian Orchids A Field Guide to Identification and Culture Vol 1 Pradhan 1976; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; Orchid Genera in Thailand Vol VI Neottinae Seidenfaden 1978 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand 2 Vaddhanaphuti 2009 photo hmm; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing good/photo ok; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 2362 Jalal & Jayanth 2018; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018