Habenaria zambesina Rchb.f. 1881 SECTION Commelynifoliae Kraenzl

Photo by Fracisco Perez-Vera

Plant and Flowers in situ

Photo courtesy of Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz and their Website

Part sun Warm Cool Spring Summer

Common Name The Zambesi River Habenaria

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Senegal, Benin, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Siera Leone, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Guinea, Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Zaire, Burundi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in wet grasslands and Dambos at elevations of 600 to 1550 meters as a medium sized, warm to cool growing terrestrial with a leafy stem carrying 8 to 9, lowest few loosely sheath-like, the rest, ovate, acute, light green, undulate margins loosely clasping basally leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on an erect, 4.4 to 10" [11 to 25 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with lanceolate acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Habenaria baoulensis A.Chev. 1920; Habenaria haullevilleana De Wild. 1903; Habenaria myriantha Kraenzl. 1903; Habenella zambesina (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2006; Platantheroides zambesina (Rchb.f.) Szlach. 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Otia Botanica Hamburgensia Rchb.f 1881; West African Lilies and Orchids Morton 1961; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 # 10 1963; Flora of Tropical East Africa Part 1 Summerhayes 1968; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 drawing ok; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984; Flore D'Afrique Centrale [Zaire- Rwands - Burundi] Orhidaceae Premeir parte Geerink 1984 as H huillensis var weberianadrawing fide; Orchids of the Central African Republic A Provisional Checklist Cribb & Fay 1986; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 1 Pope 1995; Orchids of Kenya Stewart 1996; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 drawing fide; Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rasmussen 2004 photo fide; Flore du Gabon Vol 36 Szlachetko etal 2004 drawing fide; Orchidaceae of West Central Africa Vol 1 Szlatchecko etal 2010 as Habenella zambesina drawing fide