!Hammarbya paludosa (Linne) Kuntze 1891

Photo by T. H. Pain and His Orchids of France and Europe


Photo by David McAdoo


Photo by Carl Luer


Common Name Bog Orchid The Pallid Hammarbya

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Ireland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Finland, France, Belgium, Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, Yugoslavia, Romania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Western Russia, Centrla Russia, Eastern Russia, westen Siberia, eastrern Siberia, Japan, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Br Colombia, Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchuan, Ontario and Minnesota as a mini-miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial orchid in wet, acidic, sphagnum bogs at elevations up to 1100 meters with 2 to 3, partially concealed pseudobulbs giving rise to a greenish- yellow, hairless, 3 to 5 angled stem carrying 2 to 3, clasping, basal leaves sometimes with a row of tiny bulbils that blooms on a terminal, erect, 1 to 5" [2.5 to 12.5 cm] long, several flowered inflorescence with the non-resupinate flowers held in a cluster at the apex occuring in the later summer and early fall.

This orchid is in a genus by itself, even though, in all respects but one, it is a Malaxis. This species has the unusual method of propagation as budding plantlets may sprout from the tips of detached leaves. For this reason alone it has been placed in a monotypic genus.

Synonyms Epipactis paludosa (L.) F.W.Schmidt 1795; Malaxis paludosa (Linne) Swartz 1800; *Ophrys paludosa Linne 1753; Orchis paludosa (L.) Pall. 1776; Sturmia paludosa (Linne) Rchb. 1829

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Malaxis paludosa; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada Luer 1975 as Malaxis paludosa drawing/photos fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 51 No 3 1982 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 No 12 1984 as Malaxis paludosa photo fide; Die Orchideen Band 3 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas Liferung #14 820 - 880 1984 photo/drawing ok; Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East Delforge 2005 as Malaxis paludosa; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #9 2010 as Malaxis paludosa photo fide;