Hemipilia calcicola (W.W.Sm.) Y.Tang & H.Peng 2015 Hemipilia sect. Neottianthe Y. Tang & H. Peng

Photo by Steve Garvie and his Flickr Photo site


Common Name The Limestone Loving Hemipilia - In China Mi Hua Dou Bei Lan

Flower Size

Found in southeastern Gansu, northeastern Guizhou, southern Qinghai, south and western Sichuan, eastern & Southern Xizang and northwestern Yunnan provinces of China, the eastern Himalayas, Nepal and the western Himalayas in forests, thickets and alpine grasslands at elevations of 2100 to 4500 meters as a mini-miniature sized, cold growing terrestrial with a subglobose to ovoid tuber giving rise to an erect to ascending stem provided with 1 to 2 tubular, basal sheaths and carrying 2, oblanceolate-spathulate to narrowly oblong, usually acute, gradually tapering below into the base leaves that boooms in the summer and earlier fall on a terminal, erect, peduncle ebracteate to rarely with 1 sterile bract, rachis .6 to 3.2" [1.5 to 8 cm] long,subdensely 6 to 20 flowered inflorescence with lanceolate, acuminate lower ones longer, the upper ones shorter than the ovary floral bracts.

Synonyms *Gymnadenia calcicola W.W.Sm. 1914; Neottianthe calcicola (W.W.Sm.) Schltr. 1924; Neottianthe cucullata var. calcicola (W.W.Sm.) So 1929; Neottianthe gymnadenioides (Hand.-Mazz.) K.Y.Lang & S.C.Chen 1997; Ponerorchis cucullata var. calcicola (W.W.Sm.) X.H.Jin, Schuit. & W.T.Jin 2014; Symphyosepalum gymnadenioides Hand. - Mazz, 1936

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Symphyosepalum gymnadenioides; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as Symphyosepalum gymnadenioides; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991 as Neottiananthe calicola; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 as Symphyosepalum gymnadenioides drawing fide; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 as Neottinantha calicola photo fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 as Neottinanthe cucculata var calicola Photo fide