Hemipilia calophylla E.C.Parish & Rchb.f. 1874 Hemipilia sect. Hemipilia

Photo by Tripetch

Plant and flowers in situ in Thailand

Photo by Priwan Syisom and the Thai Forests Website

Common Name The Beautiful Leaved Hemipilia - In China Mei Ye She Hui Lan - In Thailand Nang ua lai, Ua bai diao

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Yunnan province of China, Vietnam, Myanmar and Thailand in crevasses of limestone cliffs in hill evergreen forests, seasonal evergreen forests and bamboo thickets at elevations of 640 to 2100 meters as a mini-miniature to small sized, warm to cold growing terrestrial with ovoid tubers giving rise to an erect, stem carrying 1 to 2; abaxially dark greenish purple, adaxially dark green, netted with purplish brown, suborbicular to ovate, cordate to rounded basally; acute apically leaves that blooms in the summer and fall on an erect, 2 to 4.8" [5 to 9.5 cm] long, lax, more or less secund, 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence with 2 to 3, narrowly ovate, sterile bracts and ovate, acuminate floral bracts.

Synonyms Galearis subrotunda (King & Pantl.) P.F.Hunt 1971; Hemipilia amethystina Rolfe ex Hook.f. 1897; Orchis subrotunda King & Pantl. 1897

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfadden & Smitnand 1959 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1964 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as H amethystina; Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Bind 31 #3 Orchid Genera in Thailand V Orchidoideae Seidenfaden 1977 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 #7 2001 photo fide Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 drawing good; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora Of Thailand Orchidaceae Vol 12 Part 1 Pedersen, Kurzweil, Suddee & Cribb 2011 drawing fide; Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015 Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo good