!Hemipilia cordifolia Lindl. 1835 Hemipilia sect. Hemipilia

Plant in situ China

Photos by Ye Deping

Drawing of plant and Flowers

Drawing by Su Horng-Jye and the Flora Of China Website

Full shadeCoolColdSummer

Common Name The Heart-Shaped Leaf Hemipilia - In China Xin Ye She Hui Lan

Flower Size .4 to .5" [1 to 1.2 cm]

Found in China, Taiwan, western Himalayas, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar in open hillside in damp hollows around rocks among scrub at elevations of 2500 to 2900 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial with a cylindrical to ovoid tuber giving rise to an erect stem with lanceolate, acuminate sheaths and carrying broadly ovate-cordate, acute, narrowing below into the clasping base leaves that blooms in the summer on a secund, glabrous, laxly to subdensely, 2 to 5" [5 to 12.5 cm] long, 8 to many flowered inflorescence with ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute floral bracts.

Synonyms Hemipilia bulleyi Rolfe 1913; Hemipilia cordifolia var. yunnanensis Finet 1901; Hemipilia cruciata Finet 1897; Hemipilia cruciata var. yunnanensis (Finet) So 1929; Hemipilia formosana Hayata 1911; Hemipilia yunnanensis (Finet) Schltr. 1912; Platanthera cordifolia Lindl. ex Wall. 1832

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Orchids of North-Western Himalaya Vol IX Part II Duthie 1906 drawing ok; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 4 193 to 256 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1973 as H formosana; Indian Orchids, Guide to Identification and Culture Pradhan 1976 drawing fide; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide as H cruciata; AOS Bulletin Vol 70 #7 2001 as H cruciata photo fide; Genera Orchidacearum Vol 2 Part One Pridgeon, Cribb, Chase and Rasmussen 2001 as H cruciata photo ok; The Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing not; The Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing hmm; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo ok; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; Flora of China Vol 25 Illustrations Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing ok; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 750. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015 photo fide; Phylogeny and classification of the East Asian Amitostigma alliance (Orchidaceae: Orchideae) based on six DNA markers Ying Tang, Tomohisa Yukawa, Richard M Bateman, Hong Jiang & Hua Peng 2015; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 1 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide